Аԥсны Аҳәынҭқарра Адәныҟатәи
аусқәа рминистрра

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the
Republic of Abkhazia

Government structure

President 

President of the Republic of Abkhazia is the head of the state. President of the Republic of Abkhazia defines the main directions of domestic and foreign policy and is the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Abkhazia. President of the Republic is elected by the citizens of the Republic of Abkhazia for a term of five years. 

Legislative power 

All the legislative powers set out in this Constitution shall be exercised by the People's Assembly – the Parliament of the Republic of Abkhazia. The Parliament of the Republic of Abkhazia consists of 35 deputies. Parliamentary elections are carried out on the basis of universal, equal and direct voting right by secret ballot. The term of office of the Parliament is for five years. The last parliamentary elections were held in March 2012. 

Executive power 

Executive power in the Republic of Abkhazia is given to the President of the Republic of Abkhazia. To execute general management of executive activities throughout the country, the President of the Republic of Abkhazia governs the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Abkhazia. The Cabinet of Ministers is formed by the President of the Republic of Abkhazia and accountable to him. The Cabinet of Ministers comprises the Prime Minister and Vice Prime Ministers, Ministers and other officials as provided by the law.  

Judicial power 

Justice in the Republic of Abkhazia is exercised only by the court. Economic disputes are resolved by the Court of Arbitration. The Chairman and members of the Supreme Court of the Republic, judges of inferior court, the Chairman and judges of the Court of Arbitration of the Republic of Abkhazia on the proposal of the President of the Republic of Abkhazia shall be elected by the Parliament. The highest judicial body in the Republic of Abkhazia is the Supreme Court. Supervision over the legality of the investigation of crimes, maintenance of public prosecution in court, filing lawsuits in court in defense of the interests of the Republic and citizens, protesting illegal acts of state bodies, local authorities and public officials are carried out by the Attorney General of the Republic of Abkhazia and subordinate prosecutors on the ground. Bodies of Prosecutor's office of the Republic of Abkhazia constitute a single system and exercise their powers independently of any government bodies.

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